As a follow-up to my previous post that encountered toric Gorenstein varieties on quite a general, abstract level I thought that I would write something much more computational. The result is my attempt to survey of some of the beautiful phenomenonology of Gorenstein toric varieties, starting with the classification of Gorenstein weighted projective spaces (equivalently, reflexive simplices). They turn out to biject with ‘unit partitions’
for , with weighted projective spaces of dimension corresponding to partitions of length . These are related to the Sylvester sequence defined by and
There’s a famous result of Curtiss from 1921 stating that the largest possible value of in a partition of length is that, with a touch of toric geometry, yields bounds on the degree of weighted projective spaces (equivalently, volumes of reflexive simplices). Lastly, I describe a similarly famous result of Stanley stating that a reasonably general graded ring is Gorenstein iff the numerator of its Hilbert series is palindromic. As an immediate consequence, one sees that a Fano polytope is reflexive iff its Ehrhart series has a palindromic numerator. Wonderful.